Friday - 23/08/2019 09:48
Non nuoc Cao Bang UNESCO global geopark, the territory embedded with distinguishing values on cultures, history, natural landscapes and geological heritages, and bio-diversity. There is a system of well-preserved natural preserved areas, particularly the Cao Vit gibbon -landscape conservation area in Trung Khanh district. This conservation area was established under the Decision 2536/ QĐ-UBND dated December 15th 2006 by the People’s committee of Cao Bang province with a total area of 1.656,80 hectare locating on the territory of Ngoc Khe, Ngoc Con and Phong Nam communes of Trung Khanh district for the protection of Cao Vit gibbon.
Cao Vit Gibbon in the conservation area - Hoàng Đức Thọ
Cao Vit Gibbon in the conservation area - Hoàng Đức Thọ
Cao Vit Gibbon is one of the 25 most endanged species and one of the 5 most endangered species in Viet Nam. Nowadays, Cao Vit Gibbons can only be found in the Cao Vit gibbon-landscape conservation area in Trung Khanh district and parts of the Bang Luong conservation area, Qingxi, China. This species was recorded in Viet Nam since 1884 till 1965 with three different varieties found in Trung Khanh district, Viet Nam. Since then until 2000, this gibbon species was thought to be extinct because of no records of its existence. Not until 2002, through the research and statistics of FFI, scientists rediscovered a flock of this gibbon species of 26 individuals living in the forest of Phong Nam and Ngoc Khe commune, Trung Khanh district, Cao Bang province.
With the objective to preserve one of the rarest gibbons of the world, the Project on Cao Vit gibbon preservation in Trung Khanh was supported by FFI and commenced from the beginning of 2004. FFI organization has supported to establish a preservation area of more than 1.657 hectare in 3 communes namedly Phong Nam, Ngoc Khe, and Ngoc Con in Trung Khanh district. In addition, the project also supported to establish 2 Inspection task forces to carry out inspection on forest protection and bio-diversity monitoring; conducted training and awareness raising on protection of this rare gibbon for local communities, which then would result in enhanced the preservation of Cao Vit Gibbon.
The Project supported to establish 3 farming groups in 3 communes in the Conservation Area, at the same time deployed the construction of agricultural, forestry and husbandry production model in the communes surrounding the Conservation Area, such as chinaberry planting for timber, delavaya toxocarpa french planting for fuelwood, napier planting for livestock grazing, construction of biogas stove and tank, supplement for corn variety, technical guidance for rice, maize sowing and caring...
Thanks to the attention from the local authorties of China and Viet Nam, the Cao Cao Vit gibbon-landscape area has been well preserved. Till now, the local authorities of Viet Nam and China organized joint inspection, study tours to exchange experience in the preservation of Cao Vit gibbon in the border area. The two Sides alos regularly organize cross-border meeting on the preservation of Cao Vit gibbon. Particularly from 2011 Cao Bang province signed an MoU with the Government of Guangxi province (China) to promote the conservation of Cao Vit gibbon that is living the cross border conseration area of Viet Nam and China.
In addition, thanks to the supports of related parties such as the Management board of Cao Vit gibbon conservation area, departments of Agricultural and Rural development, and Department of Forestry Managemetn, People’s committee of Trung Khanh district, as well as the authorities of Ngoc Con, Ngoc Khe, and Phong Nam communes, the Project on preservation of Cao Vit gibbon has been carried out effectively, which has been contributing to enhance the agricultural production and raise awareness of local communities in forestry management, protection and engagement in the Cao Vit gibbon conservation.
According to recent statistics on Cao Vit gibbon, the number of this gibbon is stable; there are about 22 flocks with about 134 individuals. Results from the statistics showing that the number of young Cao Vit gibbon account from 8-15% (from 9-13 individuals). The conservation area of Cao Vit gibbon has been protected well, this is one of good indication and there has any threat to the existence of Cao Vit Gibbon recorded till now.

Source: Tr.Th

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